In spacious rooms indoor trees look spectacular. Their large size and well-groomed appearance will not leave indifferent any guest. Dwarf trees (bonsai) look no less beautiful and exotic in apartments.
Home trees in the interior
Indoor plants are one of the design elements that allows you to create a cozy home environment in an apartment or house. They fit perfectly into any interior and can both complement it and become its main key element.
Various house trees in pots or tubs more than 1 meter high have proven themselves well.
They are used to decorate not only residential premises, but also offices, cafes, shops, and they are also grown in greenhouses and summer gardens.
Decorative trees for home
When placing new plants, it is recommended to immediately choose a place for them in the house, so as not to subsequently move the flower pot. They must be protected from drafts and direct sunlight. Also, for the normal development of the plant, the place should be fairly bright.
Trees grown indoors solve the following problems:
- they, like ordinary herbal plants, emit oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide;
- many of them emit volatile, thereby disinfecting the air;
- well suited for zoning the space of large rooms;
- the air in the room is humidified by evaporation of moisture from the surface of the leaves;
- decorate problematic, from a design point of view, zones in the room.
Having several indoor trees, you can simulate a forest in a Moscow apartment.
Mini-trees in pots
Another popular option for growing indoor trees is a bonsai, or a miniature tree growing in a shallow capacity. Also called the art of growing it.
Usually a plant is an exact replica of a tree growing in natural conditions. The art of growing bonsai originated in China before our era. Further, this technique was perfected in Japan.
For bonsai trees with small leaves are suitable and new branches quickly grow after forming pruning. Currently, about 400 species of trees are grown in this style. Single bonsai and compositions from several plants look beautiful. The height of the bonsai varies from 20 to 100 cm.
To give the desired shape to the branches, use wire. With its help, tie up the branches and ask them the direction of growth. After the branches memorize this new position, the wire is removed.
Unpretentious trees for an apartment
Due to the high pace of life, many apartment owners choose plants that do not require special care.
The most unpretentious trees for growing indoors are:
- palm trees
- bottled and other trees and tree shrubs.
Bottle tree nolin
The plant got its name due to the similarity of the shape of the barrel and the bottle. In addition, he is also called the elephant leg.
Nolina, or Bocarney
Homeland plants are the southern United States and northern Mexico. In these places, rains are rare. Therefore, this form of the trunk allows moisture to accumulate and the tree to survive during periods of drought. During rains, thickening, or caudex, increases. In the process of consuming zero water reserves, the caudex is reduced in size, and the crust below is folded.
A dense crown consists of hard and narrow leaves. Due to this, evaporation of water practically does not occur. In addition, the crown covers the caudex and thus eliminates barrel overheating.
The roots of bokarney are superficial, adapted to poor rocky soil with a thin fertile layer. Therefore, a wide and shallow pot is suitable for its cultivation.
The trunk is strong enough, it is difficult to damage animals and children. Experienced flower growers appreciate nolina, as well as beginners who love to grow exotic novelties.
Types of indoor nolins
In nature, there are about 30 types of bokarneya. However, in indoor floriculture only curved barn is grown. Under natural conditions, it reaches a height of 10 m; in rooms it grows up to 1.5 m in height.
Bottle tree home care is simple. The main thing is to follow the basic recommendations.
In spring and summer, the indoor bottle tree is abundantly watered. To do this, it is recommended to use the method of immersing the flower pot in a container of water. Watering is completed when the earth is completely wet. After this, excess water must be allowed to drain.
Between watering the earth in a flower pot should dry. Usually they are carried out 1 time per week.
In hot weather, home care for the nolin bottle tree includes morning or evening spraying. It is also necessary to wipe its leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust.
If the plant does not arrange a dormant period in winter, then watering is also organized at this time of the year.
Bokarneya in natural conditions grows on poor soils, so it does not need special nutrition. If necessary, you can fertilize the tree with liquid mineral fertilizers. Top dressing is carried out not more than 1 time in 2-3 weeks. They can be alternated with organic. For nolin, apply a half dose of mineral fertilizers from the one recommended in the instructions.
Fertilizers are applied after or during irrigation.
Nolin flowers are cream colored and collected in panicles. However, under indoor conditions, the scary does not bloom.
In winter, nolin arrange a rest period. The temperature is maintained at + 10 ° C. Under natural conditions, nolin calmly tolerates small negative temperatures.
If the plant is in a resting period, then it does not need watering. Nolina will have enough moisture stored in the caudex.
Attention! Bokarneya tolerates drought better than stagnation of water.
Watering the tree is necessary only if the trunk below is wrinkled.
In the autumn period, the temperature is gradually reduced to + 10 ° C. Also gradually increase the intervals between watering. Be sure to stop nitrogen feeding during this period.
Another evergreen tree for the home is the noble laurel. In vivo grows in the Mediterranean countries, where it reaches a height of 12 meters. Laurel lives about 300 years or more.
Leaves are used in cooking. Essential laurel oil is used in medicine and perfumery. The tree is considered a symbol of immortality and power. An interesting fact is that champions, poets and winners in battles were crowned with a laurel wreath.
Like a home plant
Laurel as a houseplant can be grown both as a tree and as a shrub. It’s easy to take care of him.
In order for the laurel to develop normally, it is transplanted once every two to three years. The tree is picked up a larger (2-3 cm in diameter) pot. Light soil is suitable for the plant. At a young age, laurel is transplanted every year, in adulthood - once every 3 or 4 years.
Diseases infect a tree rarely. This is mainly due to a violation of agricultural cultivation practices. At home, it grows for 15 years and reaches a height of about half a meter. Reproduction is carried out by cuttings, seeds and layering.
For proper care of the laurel at home, you need to follow the watering regime. In summer it is watered 1-2 times a day, depending on the dry air and temperature in the room.
Watering should be plentiful, but you can not fill the flower. This can lead to a disease of the root system. Therefore, a good drainage is arranged in the pot.
The plant tolerates short-term drought normally. Watering is carried out with soft and warm water.
The plant loves moist air, so on hot days spraying the crown from the spray is shown with warm, settled water up to 2 times a day.
During the growing season, laurel is rarely fed. Usually spend 1 feeding a month with complex mineral fertilizer.
Attention! Feeding is always performed only after watering. This is necessary in order to prevent burns to the root system of the plant.
Laurel flowers are small, yellow. However, the tree blooms mainly when grown in the open air, and not indoors.
For good development, the plant needs diffuse lighting. Laurel may even develop in the shade, but is afraid of direct sunlight.
It grows well in the spring and summer at temperatures from 20 ° C to 26 ° C. So that the plant does not hurt, the place where the flower pot is located must be protected from drafts. In summer it is advisable to take it to fresh air: to the balcony or to the garden.
The rest period begins in October and ends in March. To relax the plants, it is necessary to set the temperature in the room from 12 ° C to 15 ° C. A tree can tolerate short-term exposure to freezing temperatures.
Watering the plant rarely. The main thing at this time is to prevent the land from drying out. Top dressing in the winter is not carried out.
In order for the plant to enter a dormant period without stress, watering is gradually reduced both in volume and frequency. In November, sanitary pruning is carried out.
Junipers (Juniperus) belong to the plants of the Cypress family. This evergreen tree or shrub is distributed from the Arctic to the mountainous regions with a subtropical climate. From it, masters create beautiful wooden crafts, plants are often used by landscape designers to decorate flower beds and hedges.
Juniper in landscape design
At home, Chinese and solid junipers are most often grown.
In the apartment, indoor juniper perfectly cleans the air of harmful microorganisms, is a natural phytoncide, and strengthens the nervous and immune systems.
Propagated by layering, cuttings, vaccinations and grains or seeds that are in the berry cones (cones). The most convenient way is breeding using cuttings and layering.
Under natural conditions, the height of the juniper can reach 30 m. It is practically not sick and is not damaged by pests.
Some species have stiff spines, therefore, when caring for them, you need to protect your hands. Life expectancy is up to 600 years.
Juniper lends itself well to molding. Bonsai is grown from it.
It is important to create favorable conditions for indoor juniper. These plants are photophilous, so a well-lit place is selected for the flower pot. It is desirable that in this place it would be possible to arrange good air circulation.
When landing in a tank, a drainage layer of broken brick or medium-sized gravel is necessarily arranged.
Uniperus can grow on depleted soils, but develops better on light substrates. Peat, sand and turf ground are mixed for the soil.
A plant needs moderate watering for normal growth. In hot weather, Uniperus is watered once every 2-3 days, depending on the speed of soil drying.
Attention! Juniper does not tolerate stagnation of water.
If the summer is hot, then spraying with warm, standing water is indicated.
During the growing season, the tree is fed with mineral compounds every two weeks. Fertilizers are dissolved in water for irrigation.
Hot air is destructive for him, so it is better to maintain a temperature of + 20-25 ° C in the room. It is not recommended to place the plant near the heating battery.
For the normal development of juniper, it is necessary to organize sufficient diffused lighting. It is necessary to exclude direct sunlight on the crown.
At this time, the air in the room should be cool. The temperature is maintained at + 12 ° C. Do not overcool indoor juniper. A wintering plant can be arranged on the loggia.
In winter, the plant should receive enough light, so placing it in dark rooms is not recommended.
Watering and top dressing in the winter are not carried out. If the plant is contained in the room, then in this case the juniper is watered only when the earthen coma dries. To check the dryness of the soil, stick a wooden stick into it. If only the top layer of the earth is dry, then watering is not carried out.
In the autumn, top dressing is reduced and carried out 1 time per week. Since November, juniper has not been fertilized.
If the tree is on the balcony or in the garden, then the temperature itself naturally gradually decreases, preparing the plant for wintering. If the uniperus is in the room, then in this case also the temperature must be gradually reduced. This will avoid stress during the transition of the plant to conditions of detention with a lower temperature.
Indoor trees in the interior
Indoor trees are easy to grow. They will add a highlight to the interior of each house.