Among indoor plants, sambac jasmine, or Indian jasmine, is especially popular. Decorative culture attracts not only with its snow-white flowers, but also with its aroma. In order for the plant to be healthy and bloom profusely, you need to know the rules for caring for it at home.
Jasmine Sambac - what kind of flower is it, to which family belongs
There is a debate among nerds about jasmine's homeland. Some believe that the flower is a native of Iran, while others call India its homeland. There are references that the plant was grown on the orders of Egyptian, Persian kings and their wives. In ancient Egyptian literature you can find descriptions of various varieties of jasmine.
What does jasmine sambac look like
On a note! Sambac is the national flower of the Philippines.
Jasmine Sambac is an evergreen shrub, often climbing, of the Olive family, which reaches a height of 2 m. The shoots are long and thin, resembling vines. They are brown in color, which is why they look like tree branches, abundantly leafy.
The leaves are smooth, green in color, reach a length of 10 cm. They are located opposite each other and have an ovoid shape. Flowers resemble the shape of an elongated tube; they bloom at the ends of branches in groups of up to 10 pieces. A cup appears on the edge of the peduncle (this is a flower), reaching a diameter of 1 cm. Depending on the type and type of plant, the color of the flowers can be different: pure white, yellow or red.
Important! With proper and timely care, the flowering of the shrub lasts several months.
Varieties of indoor plants with names that look like
In nature, there are more than 250 varieties of jasmine, which differ from each other in characteristic features.
The most common varieties grown at home:
- Jasmine varieties Arabian knights. Its main feature is a terry flower, reaching a diameter of 2 cm. The evergreen shrub has the ability to grow rapidly. Flowering continues from early March to October. Arab jasmine is intended for cultivation on the balcony and on the street. It tolerates sunny places and partial shade.
- Jasmine varieties Beauty of India. A very common variety bred by Indian breeders. Suitable for both indoor cultivation and for open ground. Its liana reaches a height of 3 m. With proper care, flowering lasts almost all year round. To get more inflorescences, perennial need to be pruned. The flowers are pure white, in a long tube there is a duet of stamens with bright yellow anthers.
- Jasmine varieties Orleans maiden. The variety is characterized by a fast growth rate and unpretentiousness. To achieve abundant flowering and the correct shape, the bush needs to be cut. Flowers stay on the plant for no more than one day, then fall off, and new ones form next to them. The cross section of the flower is 1.5 cm.
- Grand Duke of Tuscany. The variety grows quite slowly compared to other varieties, but differs in 5-centimeter terry inflorescences. Its flowers have a double row of petals, resembling the shape of a rose. Jasmine feels good in partial shade.
- Mali Chat. Pretty slowly growing climbing vine. A distinctive feature of the variety is a strong smell, but the flowers are small - only 2 cm. Flowering is observed year-round. The plant can grow on the sunny side and in partial shade.
Grade Grand Duke of Tuscany
Home care for jasmine sambac
Jasmine will grow and bloom, if you follow the necessary rules of care:
- Illumination and temperature conditions. The bush needs warm but moist air. The optimum temperature is 20 degrees Celsius. In winter, the flower should organize additional artificial lighting. It is worth protecting the plant from direct sunlight in order to avoid burns on the leaves.
- Watering rules and humidity. Watering is carried out as the soil dries. In the summertime - 2-3 times a week. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week. You can not overmoisten the soil, otherwise the plant can throw off the foliage. To maintain humidity, spray the bush with water at room temperature.
- Top dressing and soil quality. Fertilizers for jasmine are applied monthly. To do this, use liquid top dressing containing potassium. The nutrient solution is poured under the root or sprayed on top of the leaves. In winter, the plant does not need fertilizing. The soil for planting is prepared from peat sand and humus, as it should be loose and light.
- Size of capacity for a flower. When transplanting jasmine, the new pot should be 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one.
- Pruning and transplanting. The plant is transplanted in the spring. For young bushes, this must be done annually, in the future the flower requires a transplant once every 2-3 years, as the pot is filled with the root system. The formation of jasmine crowns is carried out in the summer, in winter such procedures are not performed, since the growth of the bush is slowed down.
Advice! When transplanting a flower into a new planter, drainage of expanded clay or small pebbles is poured onto the bottom of the pot so that the roots do not rot. Jasmine does not like stagnation of water.
Features of flowering plants
Jasmine Sambac differs from other indoor plants in abundant flowering in the winter. Some varieties may bloom year-round. In order for flower stalks to form large and lush, in the summer you should not forget to nourish the soil with minerals.
Important! To prevent buds and leaves from falling off, it is not recommended to spray jasmine during flowering and in the winter months.
In winter, the activity of the plant practically freezes, it lowers the air temperature to + 15 ... +16 degrees. During dormancy, artificial light prolongs the daylight hours.
Jasmine shrubs can have different flower shapes:
- correct (one row of petals);
- terry (more than two rows of petals);
- half-double (two rows).
Each peduncle is presented in the form of an elongated tube, on the edge of which corollas bloom, consisting of one or more rows of petals. After ripening the ovary, a berry appears in its place.
It is interesting! The most terry is the variety of jasmine Sambaka Grand Duke. Its rather large inflorescences (4-5 cm in diameter) resemble miniature roses. The plant produces at the tips of shoots up to 15 inflorescences. The spectacle is fascinating, while the house is filled with a strong aroma. Jasmine blooms when the sun sets.
The procedure for the propagation of jasmine Sambaka cuttings
Breeding jasmine at home is done using cuttings. They do this in early May and throughout the summer. Procedure:
- Lignified cuttings are cut so that each has 2-3 internodes. You can not cut planting blanks from flowering shoots.
- After cutting, the cuttings are placed in a solution that stimulates the development of roots.
- When the first roots appear, new seedlings are placed in a container filled with wet sand.
- From above it is covered with a package to create a greenhouse effect, but it is regularly ventilated.
- 1.5-2 months after rooting, the shoots are planted in separate pots.
Cuttings of Jasmine Sambaka
Advice! For the quick rooting of jasmine cuttings, honey is used. One teaspoon of the product is added per liter of water, stirred. Then, cuttings are placed in the resulting solution.
Growing problems, diseases and pests
Despite the unpretentiousness of the plant, when growing it at home, you can encounter a number of problems. The main difficulties:
- When exposed to direct sunlight, burns appear on the leaves. It is recommended to arrange a partial shade flower.
- Too high humidity and high air temperature can lead to curling, drying out and falling of leaves. To avoid this, jasmine is periodically sprayed.
- Excess or lack of fertilizer leads to a dull color of the crown of the plant and a slowdown in its growth, so it is necessary to consider the optimal dosage of minerals.
Jasmine is rarely exposed to diseases and pest attacks, but with insufficient care or its absence, the flower is still affected by insects:
- spider mite;
- scale shield;
- leaf weevils.
At the first signs of pest damage, the damaged parts of the plant are removed and jasmine is sprayed with insecticides.
Advice! In the fight against pests, they often resort to folk remedies. Laundry soap is perfect for this. A soap solution is prepared from it and with the help of a soft sponge they wipe the affected shoots and leaves with it.
Jasmine Sambac has brilliant foliage, original flowers and a strong aroma. This beautiful shrub will fit perfectly into any interior. To enjoy the chic look and the enchanting aroma of jasmine flowers at home, you don’t have to make much effort. You just need to follow the basic rules for caring for the plant.