Growing flowers requires the use of nutritious soil. Properly selected primer for gloxinia contributes to its long flowering. Compliance with simple rules and recommendations strengthens the culture and prolongs the period of bud formation.
Soil requirements for gloxinia
The soil for the flower should pass air well. Regular oxygen intake will reduce the risk of fungal spores. The plant prefers slightly acidic soil, saturated with nutrients. Often, for a quick growth, a special mixture is purchased for indoor plants.
Important! In order for the plant to bloom profusely, the soil must be sterile and contain a large amount of peat. Sterility reduces the risk of diseases, and peat passes air and does not retain much moisture.
The soil for gloxinia should contain all the nutrients with which the culture will develop well. The composition of the nutrient mixture should be:
- deciduous soil;
- peat mix;
- river sand;
The choice of substrate for culture
Often, moss or coconut threads, as well as sawdust, are used to increase looseness. Such additives can act as fertilizers.
What land is needed for gloxinia
The abundance of flowering and the presence of immunity to diseases depends on the quality of the earthen substrate. What land is suitable for gloxinia flower? The following formulations can be used as nutritional mixtures:
- Sod land, soil land, peat and sand.
- Peat, sapropel, river sand, vermiculite and lime flour. This composition can be obtained using ready-mixed soil - Bio-soil "Ecoflora".
- Sod land, river sand, peat, sphagnum, charcoal and micronutrients. These substances are in the finished soil "Auriki Gardens".
Ready substrate for indoor flowers
The land for gloxinia is selected depending on the variety of culture. Very often, preference is given to ready-made nutrient substrates. The most common is a mixture of begonias "Garden of Miracles."
How to cook gloxinia primer at home
This nutrient mixture is no different from the finished substrate. Recipes for home soil mixtures:
- Mix 1 part hardwood, 2 parts peat, 1 part vermiculite and 1 part sand. Mix everything thoroughly with your hands and remove the lumps.
- Mix 6 parts of coniferous land, 1 part of perlite, 1 part of peat and 1 part of moss. Moss must be used in this mixture to make the substrate airy. Also during watering, moss acts as a sponge, which eliminates excess moisture.
- Take 1 part humus, 2 parts of leafy soil, 1 part of sand and 1 part of peat. Mix everything thoroughly.
Self mixing substrate
Before using the soil, place drainage on the bottom of the pot. For this, gravel, coarse sand or polystyrene is used. It is important to seriously approach the preparation of the soil for the flower. If land is taken from a garden plot, it cannot be used to grow other crops throughout the year.
Disinfecting the land before planting a flower
When preparing the soil for planting, it must be decontaminated. Popular ways:
- Exposure to cold. The container with soil must be placed in the freezer for several days. After that, the container is thawed, the soil is watered, left for several days and re-frozen.
- Use boiling water. This helps eliminate a large number of pests. The container with the substrate must be carefully poured with boiling water and covered with plastic wrap.
- Hot air treatment. It is rarely used, but also gives positive results. For disinfection, the earth warms up in the oven.
- The use of special drugs, such as manganese, Fitosporin.
After the disinfection of the substrate, it can be used to plant gloxinia in pots.
Important! During the heat treatment, beneficial organisms are also damaged, so it is important to use complex fertilizers in a timely manner.
Gloxinia pot selection
When choosing a container, it is necessary to proceed from the size of the tuber. For adult crops, wide and deep pots are used. This will not only simplify plant care, but will also contribute to the active development of the root system. When using small containers, the plant must be transplanted regularly.
Choosing a pot for planting a houseplant
Gloxinia is a popular houseplant. Despite the fact that it is necessary to carefully select the soil for its cultivation, a flower is often used to decorate a room. Ready mixes or self-prepared soil are suitable as a substrate.